Filling Pattern – No. 481

For special events like Valentine´s Day or Mother´s Day I looked for a special pattern. I wanted to have a filling pattern with hearts. I did not know of such a filling pattern for whitework. So I took needle, threads, and linen fabric and began experimenting. The results were very different, and not all patterns I established were what I had in mind. There was one that I actually did not want to publish, but a lady saw it and asked for a description. I have written up the instructions, and so I decided to share it with you, too.

No. 481
category: Limet-Filling pattern
stitches used: modified double Square Eyelet
longitudinal axis: withdrawn thread line (in other shapes or motifs: center = intersection of withdrawn thread lines
name: Little Hearts

First, establish a Limet grid by cutting 1, leaving 3, vertically and horizontally.

One heart spreads over 4 X 4 squares (4 X 3 threads horizontally and 4 X 3 threads vertically). And each heart is comprised of 25 stitches worked counter-clockwise around a center. Make sure that the center hole is open enough to maintain an orderly appearance of all the stitches radiating from it.

After each stitch give a slight tug on the thread. Please be careful to not distort the weave of the fabric.

Very special to this pattern is that the needle is not always taken down in the grid along the edges of a square – as is usual when working Square Eyelet patterns. Rather, stitches will also follow diagonal paths through squares. To give you a better overview, I made a graph. Red marks are the center points of the single hearts. Blue lines are the positions of the 25 stitches. The numeral “1” designates the first stitch.
1_481Bring the needle up in a center hole
2_481and take the needle 1 square (3 threads up and 3 threads to the left) diagonally left up, insert the needle and bring it up again in the center hole. Make sure that the center hole always remains well defined and open. (The “center hole” is not the center of the heart. While embroidering, always rotate the piece so that you can do a single stitch from right to left. For clarity, I show the steps without rotating.)
3_481For the second stitch, insert the needle 1 intersection of threads down and to the left of the first insertion point, and bring it up in the center hole again.
4-481The third stitch is made 1 intersection of threads down and to the left of the previous one.
5_481The fourth stitch is again 1 intersection of threads down and to the left of the previous one.
6_481Three more stitches are now made always moving 1 thread straight down.
7_481Then 6 stitches are made always moving one intersection of threads down and to the right. The sixth stitch is the bottom point of the heart.
8_481Work the second half mirrored – with 12 additional stitches (6 diagonally right up, 3 straight up, and 3 diagonally left up). After taking the last stitch, the needle travels diagonally under 3 squares (9 threads) up and 1 square (3 threads) to the left. This is the center hole of the next heart. Start here repeating the steps to establish another heart.
9_481Rows of hearts beside the first row are worked staggered. The distance between the center hole of one heart to the center hole of the next staggered heart is 2 squares (6 threads) up and 4 squares (12 threads) to the left (or to the right).
10_481Up from there a next heart is worked in the established way.
11_481A gentle boiling causes the remaining fabric threads to shift a little bit, so in the end the Limet grid is hardly noticeable.
12_481“Little Hearts” is a striking raised pattern. It is especially attractive in big heart shapes.
13_481

Filling Pattern – No. 480

Nr. 480
category: Limet-Filling pattern
stitches used: bars of 6 Satin stitches over 1 square in the width and Daisy stitches
center: intersection of withdrawn-thread lines (in other shapes or motifs: longitudinal axis = withdrawn-thread line)

The filling pattern shown here is a practice exercise only. You can see it used in a shape in the previous post. It will also be featured in a future post.
First, work a Limet grid by alternately withdrawing 1 and leaving 3 threads both horizontally and vertically.
480_1In the established Limet grid, work a grid of Satin stitches. Work Satin stitch bars over one square (3 threads) in the width and over 2 squares (6 stitches) in the length either in a stair-step manner (please see pattern 469; second and third pictures from the top) or in straight rows as here shown.
480_2Work the rows of Satin stitch bars up
480_3and back by turning the piece 180° and keeping a distance of 2 squares between the bars.
480_4Work rows of Satin stitch bars vertically
480_5and horizontally to establish the Satin stitch grid.
480_6Bring the needle up in a center of any established square,
480_7lay the working thread around a corner of this square, insert the needle in the center again, and bring it up in that corner with the loop beneath the needle.
480_8Tighten the thread in the direction of the loop. A Chain stitch is established. It is secured by inserting the needle just beyond the intersection of fabric threads adjacent to the corner space.
480_9Bring the needle up in the center again
480_10to work the next Chain stitch at the next corner. Work a Chain stitch at each corner of a square (4 Chain stitches per square). Make sure to work clockwise or counterclockwise; this method will keep the center hole well defined and open.
480_11Sometimes it is necessary to slide the working thread through the stitches on the back to arrive at the next starting point.
480_12Work 4 Chain stitches in the established way
480_13like a checkerboard over the entire shape.
480_14All other squares remain unembroidered.
There is a rule in the Schwalm: every Limet square must be embroidered in some way. For example, a Rose stitch could be worked into each of the remaining squares. However, the pattern shown here looks nicer, I think, and if it is used for projects such as Lavender bags, which will not be laundered too often, the pattern will keep for many decades.

Washed, starched and ironed the pattern gets its full charm.
This example was worked on 13.5/cm thread-count Weddigen linen with coton à broder No. 20.

Filling Pattern – No. 477

No. 477
category: Limet-Filling pattern; please note that this is worked on a leave 4, cut 1grid
stitches used: 4 X 9 stitches of the simple square eyelet and Rose stitches
center: intersection of withdrawn thread lines (in other shapes or motifs, longitudinal axis = withdrawn thread line)

This pattern is similar to pattern 476.
476_477_1First, both the horizontal and the vertical center threads are withdrawn.
476_477_2Working from the center outwards, a Limet grid is established by leaving 4 threads, and cutting 1.
476_477_3In the established Limet grid, work a grid of nine-stitch simple square eyelets. In this example a Rose stitch should lay in the center of the shape. So from the center, bring the needle up diagonally to the left, one square up. Work 9 stitches of the simple square eyelet counterclockwise around the starting point.
476_477_4Repeat working 9 stitches of the simple square eyelet, counterclockwise moving around the center, in diagonal rows as seen in the picture above
476_477_5lengthwise
476_477_6and crosswise to establish the grid.
477_7In the remaining squares, Rose stitches are worked.
477_8Washed, starched, and ironed one more pretty pattern is finished. The partial square eyelets look embossed, whereas the ares with Rose stitches are flat. This makes an interesting contrast.

Filling Pattern – No. 476

No. 476
category: Limet-Filling pattern; please note that this is worked on a leave 4, cut 1grid
stitches used: 4 X 9 stitches of the simple square eyelet and 4 X 3 Satin stitches over 1 square in the width
center: intersection of withdrawn thread lines (in other shapes or motifs, longitudinal axis = withdrawn thread line)

This pattern is very similar to pattern 475. Using the leave 4, cut 1 grid the result is bolder.
476_477_1First, both the horizontal and the vertical center threads are withdrawn.
476_477_2Working from the center outwards, a Limet grid is established by leaving 4 threads, and cutting 1.
476_477_3In the established Limet grid, work a grid of nine-stitch simple square eyelets. In this example a square of 4 X3 Satin stitches should lay in the center of the shape. So from the center, bring the needle up diagonally to the left, one square up. Work 9 stitches of the simple square eyelet counterclockwise around the starting point.
476_477_4Repeat working 9 stitches of the simple square eyelet, counterclockwise moving around the center, in diagonal rows as seen in the picture above
476_477_5lengthwise
476_477_6and crosswise to establish the grid.

In the remaining squares, 4 X 3 Satin stitches are worked, always reemerging from the center hole of the square and stitching always 3 stitches in the same place, one upon the other. Continue working 3 Satin stitches in all four directions. Always tighten the thread so that the center hole of the square becomes nicely open.
Work 4 X 3 Satin stitches in each remaining square of the shape.
476_7Washed, starched, and ironed one more pretty pattern is finished.

Filling Pattern – No. 475

No. 475
category: Limet-Filling pattern
stitches used: 4 X 7 stitches of the simple square eyelet and 4 X 3 Satin stitches over 1 square in the width
center: intersection of withdrawn thread lines (in other shapes or motifs: longitudinal axis = withdrawn thread line)
475_1First, in the established Limet grid, work a grid of seven-stitch simple square eyelets arranged in groups of four, called “small ox eye grid” in Limetrosen I, page 15. From the center, bring the needle up diagonally to the left, one square down.
475_2Work 7 stitches of the simple square eyelet counterclockwise around the starting point.
475_3Repeat working 7 stitches of the simple square eyelet, counterclockwise moving around the center,
475_44 times in all. One “small flower” is finished.
475_5There are two different ways to continue: either work small flowers like a checkerboard all over the shape,
475_6or work from the center small flowers in diagonal rows as seen in the picture above
475_7lengthwise and crosswise
475_8to establish the grid.

In the remaining squares, 4 X 3 Satin stitches are worked, always reemerging in the center hole of the square and stitching always 3 stitches in the same place, one upon the other.
475_9Continue working 3 Satin stitches in all four directions.
475_10Always tighten the thread so that the center hole of the square becomes nicely open.
475_11Work 4 X 3 Satin stitches in each remaining square of the shape.
475_12Washed, starched and ironed one more pretty pattern is finished. It is a little bit similar to pattern 474, but easier to work.
475_13