Openwork pattern

Filling Pattern – No. 547

category: openwork filling pattern with Cable stitch grid
linen used: 13.5/cm thread count
threads used: coton à broder No. 30 for the Cable stitches and No. 20 for the Rose stitches
stitches used: Rose stitches
center: intersection of pairs of threads
one pattern segment: 28 threads

First, establish an openwork grid with an intersection of pairs of threads in the center by cutting 2, leaving 2 both vertically and horizontally.

Stabilize the established grid with Single Faggot stitches worked from the back side of the fabric. Please remember that Single Faggot stitch worked on the back side will look like Cable stitch viewed from the front.

Work a square of 2 X 2 Rose stitches around the center intersection – counterclockwise and starting on the bottom right. After completing the square of Rose stitches, bring the needle up in the square diagonal to the lower left corner.

From there work a diagonal row of Rose stitches upward to the left.

Turn the piece and work a second diagonal row parallel and with a distance of five empty squares between – counted in a straight line.

Complete the first row, and work rows of Rose stitches perpendicular to the first and running directly along the corners of the center square.

Crossing previously worked rows, slide the working thread on the back through the already established stitches.

Work a second row beside and outward to the first.

Do the same to all four rows.

*Work two single rows with a distance of five empty squares between (counted in a straight line) to the right and to the left of one pair of the established rows.

Please note: my sampler square will get an edge border of Satin stitches. Of course, this edge border should normally be worked first – before withdrawing the threads. In this way, the edge border can be worked much more easily, and the working threads of the Single Faggot stitches can be secured there. I was pressed for time when working the steps in preparation to share them with you, and in my haste I skipped this important step. The picture at the end of this article shows the sample with the border. It was very difficult to get the stitches to look nice and orderly! So, please do not follow my example, but take the time to stitch an edge border first.

Start working a single row perpendicular to the just worked row, but this time include working squares of 2 X 2 Rose stitches into the established rhombus sections. Therefore bring the needle up in the square diagonal to the top left

and work a square of 2 X 2 Rose stitches.

On the way back to the Rose stitch row, slide the working thread through the already established stitches.

Continue working the Rose stitch row including a square of 2 X 2 Rose stitches in every second rhombus section.

Do the same on the opposite side.

Work a second row of Rose stitches beside and outward to each of the four rows.*

Continue working the same steps (*)

until the entire shape is filled.

This pattern is especially charming in wider motifs. This motif was embroidered by Sylvia Sellmaier. Thanks to her for allowing to show her work.

Filling Pattern No. 542

category: openwork filling pattern with Cable stitch grid
stitches used: Rose stitches
center: axis of intersections of pairs of threads; in other shapes – center: intersection of pairs of threads
As promised, here is the explanation for the counterpart of filling pattern 541.
Starting where the diagonal center axis crosses the perpendicular axis at the bottom point of the shape, leave two threads, and then commence making the grid by always alternating between withdrawing and leaving two vertical threads. Do the same with the horizontal threads.


The established grid is stabilized with Single Faggot stitches – which is simply Cable stitch when worked on the front – worked on the back side of the fabric.


Work a row of Rose stitches into the holes along the diagonal center axis.


Looking at the outside corners of the Rose stitch squares, leave 1 hole unworked, and continue working Rose stitch rows to both sides until the entire shape is filled.


Starting approximately in the middle, work perpendicular rows of Rose stitches to form rhombi of 2 X 2 Rose stitches


until the entire shape is filled.


In the image below, the piece has not been boiled. After shrinking during the boiling process, the pattern will get a nice appearance.


Coton à broder No. 30 was used for the Cable stitches and No. 20 for the Rose stitches. The linen has a 16/cm thread count.

Filling Pattern No. 541

category: openwork filling pattern without Cable stitch grid
stitches used: sections of Rose stitches and Four-Sided stitches
center: intersection of pairs of threads

As mentioned in my blog post Traditional Schwalm Whitework, I will now explain how to work a special pattern consisting of sections of Rose stitches and Four-Sided stitches in an openwork grid without Cable stitches. I first noticed such a pattern on a piece from 1804.

Starting at the center leave the two center threads, and then commence making the grid by always alternating between withdrawing and leaving two vertical threads. Do the same with the horizontal threads.

Bring the needle up in the hole at the bottom left of the center intersection (marked red).


Lay the thread in a loop to the top and left, insert the needle in the next hole to the left and bring it up again in the first hole. Pull the thread through.


*Cross over the working thread and under the upper pair of fabric threads, and bring the needle up in the next hole upward.


Again lay the thread in a loop to the top and left, insert the needle in the next hole to the left, and bring it up again in the previously used hole. Pull the thread through. The working thread is beneath the needle.


Lay a loop to the top right, insert the needle in the next hole upward, and bring it up again in the previously used hole.


Pull the thread through and turn the piece 90° counterclockwise*. Repeat the steps (*) until a square of 2 X 2 holes is filled with two sections of a Rose stitch each. The last stitch is worked in the bottom left hole of the square. From the last stitch, cross over the working thread


and insert the needle into the same hole.


On the back, slide the working thread under the former middle top stitch.


Looking at the next intersection above, bring the needle up in the top left hole to begin a Four-Sided stitch.


Cross over the pair of threads to the right, insert the needle, and bring it up diagonally in the bottom left hole.


Cross over the pair of threads to the right, insert the needle, and bring it up diagonally in the upper left hole.


Cross over the pair of threads downward, insert the needle, and bring it up diagonally in the upper right hole.


Cross over the pair of threads downward, insert the needle, and bring it up two holes up and one hole to the left. Start here with the next square of 2 X 2 holes to be filled with two sections of a Rose stitch each.


Work rows of alternating 2 X 2 squares and Four-Sided stitches.


Work the next row staggered.


Repeat the steps until the entire shape is filled.


For my first attempt, I used coton à broder No. 25, but it was too fine to fill the holes thoroughly. So, in the end I used coton à broder No. 16.


In the image above, the piece has not been boiled. After shrinking during the boiling process, the pattern will get a nice appearance with flat areas for the Rose-stitch-section squares and more prominent areas where the Four-Sided stitches are.


I will explain the counterpart – worked with the common pattern of Rose stitch squares in a Cable stitch grid – in a future article.

Filling Pattern No. 470

No. 470 (hearts No. 1)
category: Openwork pattern with Cable stitch grid
stitches used:: Needleweaving over 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 squares; changing the direction
center: square
material used: 20/cm thread-count Weddigen linen
Coton à broder No. 20 (Coral Knot stitches and Needleweaving), No. 30 (Chain stitches and Cable stitch) and No. 25 (half-eyelet scallops)

In Schwalm whitework it is also common to fill openwork cable stitch grids not only with endless patterns, but also with figures: manikin, birds, tulips, stars and, of course, hearts.

Hearts are mainly worked as quartets within circles. Usually, the hearts are stitched with Needleweaving, sometimes with Rose stitches, and rarely with a combination of Rose stitches, and Needleweaving.

There are smaller and wider heart patterns. You should always use a pattern that matches the number of squares in your grid. It is not attractive when the edge of a heart is not fully visible. It is better that there are unworked squares around the heart quartets.

Starting at the centre, always alternate withdrawing and leaving two vertical threads. Do the same with the horizontal threads. So that the heart quartet looks pretty and turns out well, it is necessary to place it right in the middle (with the same number of squares to the right as to the left). If your linen is not absolutely evenweave, it is better to ascertain the centre by counting and not by measuring.
1-470The established grid is stabilized with Single Faggot stitches – which is simply Cable stitch from the front – worked from the back side of the fabric. (Please look here for an example of a partially worked grid.)
2-470The linen used in this example was not evenweave, so my established grid has 23 squares along the horizontal axis and 25 squares along the vertical axis. So I chose a pattern running over 19 x 19 squares. It has the following chart:
3-470The golden squares are filled with Needleweaving. (It is also possible to work all with Rose stitches, but then the pattern will appear somewhat different.) The black lines show the direction of the needleweaving.

Starting at the center – marked red – work outwards, following the chart. When the pattern divides, work first along one side
4-470
and then across the middle part to the opposite side
5-470
until the first heart is formed.
6-470Always out from the center, weave in the 3 remaining hearts, always following the chart. Finished it looks like this:
7-470
Washed, starched and ironed the pattern gets its full charm.
8-470

Filling Pattern No. 445

No. 445 (star No. 1)
category: Openwork pattern with Cable stitch grid
stitches used: Rose stitches and Needleweaving over 1 and 3 squares; changing the direction
center: square
material used: 13.5/cm thread-count Weddigen linen
Coton à broder No. 20 (Coral Knot stitches, Rose stitches and needleweaving) and No. 30 (Chain
stitches and Cable stitch)

In Schwalm whitework it is also common to fill openwork cable stitch grids not only with endless patterns, but also with figures: manikin, birds, tulips, hearts and, of course, stars.

The star patterns are the same as those found in Norwegian knitting patterns, but there is any room for imagination.

Stars are mainly worked within circles. Usually, the stars are stitched with Rose stitches, sometimes with a combination of Rose stitches and Needleweaving, and rarely with needleweaving only. This is because a single square filled with a Rosestitch remains as a square, a single square filled with needleweaving appears oblong. For a star, it is preferable that the squares do not appear oblong.

There are smaller and wider star patterns. You should always use a pattern that matches the number of squares in your grid. It is not attractive when the tip of a star is not fully visible. It is better that there are unworked squares around the star. Also, these remaining squares can be filled with single stitches.

Starting at the centre, always alternate withdrawing and leaving two vertical threads. Do the same with the horizontal threads. So that the star looks pretty and turns out well, it is necessary to place it right in the middle (with the same number of squares to the right as to the left). If your linen is not absolutely evenweave, it is better to ascertain the centre by counting and not by measuring.

Fadenauszug | thread withdrawing

The established grid is stabilized with Single Faggot stitches – which is simply Cable stitch from the front – worked from the back side of the fabric.
Grundstichgitter | Cable stitch grid

My established grid has 23 squares along the center axes. So I chose the following chart:
442 a Grafik | chart

The darker golden squares are filled with Rose stitches, the lighter golden squares are filled with Needleweaving. (It would be also possible to work all with Rose stitches, but then the patterns will appear somewhat different.) The black lines show the direction of the needleweaving.

Starting at the center – marked red – work outwards, following the chart.
Musterfüllung | filling pattern
Grundstern | basic star

When the star is finished, the remaining squares up to the edge can be decorated with further stitches. There are different possibilities, as the following charts show:
442 b Grafik | chart
There is room for imagination – please try to find your own pattern!

I chose the following pattern:
442 Grafik | chart

Embroidered it looks like this:
fertiger Stern | finished star

Contact

Luzine Happel
Am Schindeleich 43
37269 Eschwege
Deutschland
Telefon: 05651-32233
Website: www.luzine-happel.de
E-Mail: leuchtbergverlag@aol.com

Donation

Donation
To change the language on the donation page, click the word beside the flag or the flag at the bottom of the page.

Language:

Luzine Happel - Logo

By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. more Infos

Die Cookie-Einstellungen auf dieser Website sind auf "Cookies zulassen" eingestellt, um das beste Surferlebnis zu ermöglichen. Wenn du diese Website ohne Änderung der Cookie-Einstellungen verwendest oder auf "Akzeptieren" klickst, erklärst du sich damit einverstanden.

Schließen