Schwalm Knitting Patterns (1)

In the Schwalm, stockings, gloves, baby christening caps and baby wraparounds were knitted.

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Schwälmer Strumpf | Schwalm stocking
Taufmützchen und Handschuh | baby cap and glove

During the time when skirts were longer, lacy designs were common, later the stockings and gloves were knitted with dense, fancy cable designs.

“Wickelschnüre” – baby wraparounds were needed at a time when mothers did not have the diapering conveniences that are available today. The linen diaper was held in place by wrapping the band around the baby. Most wraparound bands were knitted with different patterns and so they ended up also functioning as knitting-pattern samplers.

The traditional shapes of heart, tulip, star and circles were common in knitting patterns used for stockings and gloves. However, the heart and its many variations was the most widely used motif.

The name “Schleifen” (bow ties) was given to designs where the stitches were crossed so that they lay together like small stripes.

“Doppelt” (double) means that the shapes were surrounded by a double line.

simple heart

simple heart

double heart with bow tie

double heart with bow tie

bow tie heart

bow tie heart

bow tie hearts alternating outwards and inwards

bow tie hearts alternating outwards and inwards

double heart with crosses

double heart with crosses

double trellis heart

double trellis heart

bow tie heart with cross

bow tie heart with cross

circle with cross (8 stitches)

circle with cross (8 stitches)

double-circle with cross (10 stitches)

double-circle with cross (10 stitches)

If a circle was knitted with more than 10 stitches, they called it “star”.
double star with trellis

double star with trellis

double star with crosses

double star with crosses

bow tie

bow tie

bow ties with crosses

bow ties with crosses

For the pattern in the picture below, I found two names: “bow tie heart with eye” and “flower with eye”.
flower with eye
The wristband pattern of a glove, shown below, has a lovely design of “hearts and flowers”.
hearts and flowers
Up to this point, I could not locate and photograph a knitted item with a tulip pattern. However, in the German books, Schwälmer Strickereien – traditional knitted pieces of the Schwalm shown with descriptions and patterns, by Anka Becker,
Tulip design shown by Anka Becker

Tulip design shown by Anka Becker

and Die Schwälmer Tracht, by Dirk Ordemann, tulip patterns are shown.
Tulip design shown by Dirk Ordemann

Tulip design shown by Dirk Ordemann

The “stolzen” (proud) Schwalm knitting patterns are usually established by incorporating several of these single elements.

If you are interested in trying this intricate knitting yourself, Anka Becker’s book illustrates the fancy patterns and gives instructions for knitting.
Buch Schwälmer Strickereien | book
Buchseite | book page
Anka Becker
Schwälmer Strickereien
2000 Verlag Dirk Ordemann
ISBN 3-9802008-4-1

1 Comment
  1. Hallo,

    ich bin total begeistert von der Seite. Ich habe das vorgestellte Buch, aber leider verstehe ich die Anleitungen nicht so richtig,obwohl ich seit vielen Jahren stricke. Ich würde mich über genaure Anleitungen ( zB. die Schlängche) freuen. Ich darf gar nicht schreiben da sich aus der Schwalm komme 🙂

    LG Sandra

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