Filling Pattern – No. 549

category: Limet-Filling pattern
linen used: 13.5/cm thread count
threads used: coton à broder No. 16
stitches used: Four-Sided stitches
center: square (in other shapes, longitudinal axis: group of three threads)
one pattern segment = 8 threads

Instructions for left-handers can be found at the end of this article.
First, establish a Limet grid with a square in the center by cutting 1, leaving 3 both vertically and horizontally.

Bring the needle up in bottom left hole of the center square, and pull the thread through.

Work a Four-Sided stitch around the center square with the first stitch on the bottom from left to right.

The second stitch is taken on the top from left to right. With this stitch the thread can be tightened a little bit more. The tension of the Four-Sided stitch should be tight enough to pull together the fabric threads of the center square.

The third stitch is taken on the left and up.

And the fourth stitch is worked on the right and up.
Rows of Four-Sided stitches, with a distance of one square between, are always worked from top to bottom.
So bring the needle up in the bottom left hole of the next square to be outlined with a Four-Sided stitch – it is three squares down and one square to the left of the last insertion point.

Work a Four-Sided stitch in the established way.

On the back double crosses are made in the places of the Four-Sided stitches. Later, when ironing, these will pad the sections of the Four-Sided stitches.

Reaching the end of a row, and before starting the next row, the working thread has to be slid – on the back side – under the last stitch to keep the hole well defined and open.

Turn the piece 180° and work the next row staggered one square beside the first row.

Always take care to keep the holes well defined and open.

An unobtrusive pattern for smaller shapes is established. At first it looks a little bit tedious.

But illuminated from behind, the delicate structure is clearly visible.

After boiling and ironing the pattern appearance will change.


Instructions for the left-hander:

Bring the needle up in bottom right hole of the center square, and pull the thread through.

Work a Four-Sided stitch around the center square with the first stitch on the bottom from right to left.

The second stitch is taken on the top from right to left. With this stitch the thread can be tightened a little bit more. The tension of the Four-Sided stitch should be tight enough to pull together the fabric threads of the center square.

The third stitch is taken on the right and up.

And the fourth stitch is worked on the left and up.
Rows of Four-Sided stitches, with a distance of one square between, are always worked from top to bottom.
So bring the needle up in bottom right hole of the next square to be outlined with a Four-Sided stitch – it is three squares down and one square to the right of the last insertion point.

Work a Four-Sided stitch in the established way.

On the back double crosses are made in the places of the Four-Sided stitches. Later, when ironing, these will pad the sections of the Four-Sided stitches.

Reaching the end of a row, and before starting the next row, the working thread has to be slid – on the back side – under the last stitch to keep the hole well defined and open.

Turn the piece 180° and work the next row staggered one square beside the first row.

Always take care to keep the holes well defined and open.

Filling Pattern – No. 548

category: Limet-Filling pattern
linen used: 13.5/cm thread count
threads used: coton à broder No. 20
stitches used: Easy Eyelet stitches and Satin stitches
longitudinal axis: group of three threads
one pattern segment = 20 threads

First, establish a Limet grid with a group of three threads as the longitudinal axis by cutting 1, leaving 3, vertically and horizontally.

Work two rows of Easy Eyelet stitches along the longitudinal axis – one on each side of the three-thread group.

Work two rows of Satin stitches next to one side of the Easy Eyelet rows.

Always alternate working two rows of Easy Eyelet stitches and two rows of Satin stitches until one half of the shape is filled. Working from the already embroidered section, fill the remaining section.

Another straight striped pattern is established.

Filling Pattern – No. 546

category: Limet-Filling pattern
linen used: 13.5/cm thread count
threads used: coton à broder No. 20
stitches used: Easy Eyelet stitches and Rose stitches
longitudinal axis: withdrawn thread line
one pattern segment = 16 threads

First, establish a Limet grid with a withdrawn thread line as the longitudinal axis by cutting 1, leaving 3, vertically and horizontally.

Work one row of Easy Eyelet stitches along the longitudinal axis.

Work one vertical row of Rose stitches next to the Easy Eyelet row.

Always alternate working one row of Easy Eyelet stitches and Rose stitches until one half of the shape is filled.

Working from the already embroidered section, fill the remaining section.

Another pattern, suited also for smaller areas, is established.

An Easy Eyelet Stitch

Looking at the stitches of Schwalm whitework embroideries, I discovered a new (to me) stitch. It is yet again another example of Schwalm embroiderers’ ingenuity. I immediately set out to try it; in this article, I will share the results of my efforts with you.

The stitch is worked on a Limet grid – cut 1, leave 3. Similar to the Rose stitch, it is a stitch worked in four steps originating from a center. But this stitch is not worked with Blanket stitches; it is worked with Satin stitches. In addition, it is worked counterclockwise instead of clockwise. I did not find a name for this stitch, so I will call it Easy Eyelet stitch.

Instructions for left-handers can be found at the end of this article.

Bring the needle up one square from the bottom (center).

*Cross over one square down, insert the needle and bring it up again in the center hole.

Cross over one square to the right, insert the needle and bring it up again in the center hole. Tighten thread.

Cross over one square up, insert the needle and bring it up again in the center hole. Tighten thread.

Cross over one square to the left, insert the needle and bring it up in the next center hole – one square diagonally right up.*

Start working the steps (*) again. The first step of this stitch shares the same space as the third step of the previously worked stitch. (The threads will lie closely next to each other in the same space.)

The rows are worked from bottom to top. Each hole of the longitudinal axis is a center of a stitch. Tighten the thread so that a distinct hole is made.

Nice open center holes are established.
One row of this stitch can be combined with rows of other stitches – for example Satin stitch bars – to create beautiful striped patterns.
If you want to work a second row, turn the piece 180° and work a second row beside the first.

When working side-by-side rows of this stitch, the working thread will naturally share spaces occupied by previously worked stitches. In these cases, the stitches will lie closely next to each other in the same space.

Two rows of this stitch can be combined with rows of other stitches – for example Satin stitch bars – to create a pattern.
But more rows should not be used. Working row beside row to fill an entire shape establishes the same pattern as Double Crosses – in straight rows/wrong side up (Openwork Pattern Samplers), and this pattern – for filling an entire shape – can be worked much more quickly.

But worked from the back side, the Easy Eyelet stitch can establish a nice pattern for small areas.

The stitches lying alternately straight and at a slant give a unique effect.

Instructions for the left-hander:

*Cross over one square down, insert the needle and bring it up again in the center hole.

Cross over one square to the left, insert the needle and bring it up again in the center hole. Tighten thread.

Cross over one square up, insert the needle and bring it up again in the center hole. Tighten thread.

Cross over one square to the right, insert the needle and bring it up in the next center hole – one square diagonally left up.*

Start working the steps (*) again. The first step of this stitch shares the same space as the third step of the previously worked stitch. (The stitches will lie closely next to each other in the same space.)

The rows are worked from bottom to top. Each hole of the longitudinal axis is a center of a stitch. Tighten thread.

One row of this stitch can be combined with rows of other stitches – for example Satin stitch bars – to create beautiful striped patterns.
If you want to work a second row, turn the piece 180° and work a second row beside the first.

Filling Pattern – No. 545

category: Limet-Filling pattern
stitches used: nine-stitch sections of the simple Square Eyelet, Four-Sided, and Rose
center: square (in other shapes, longitudinal axis: group of three threads)
one pattern segment = 24 threads

used here: linen with 13.5/cm threads and coton à broder No. 25 for the small shirt buttons and No. 20 for the Rose stitches

Instructions for left-handers can be found at the end of this article.

First, establish a Limet grid with a square in the center by cutting 1, leaving 3 both vertically and horizontally.

Work one small shirt button around the center square. After completing the Four-Sided stitch, bring the needle up in the next center – three squares (nine fabric threads) up and four squares (twelve fabric threads) to the right. The travelling working thread on the back is covered later by subsequent stitches.

From there work a second small shirt button. Continue working small shirt buttons in the established way.

Work small shirt buttons over the entire shape.

Start working a square of 4 X 4 Rose stitches one square (three fabric threads) up from the top right corner of a small shirt button.

Work four Rose stitches in a straight row up,

three more Rose stitches each across the top of the square to the left, down the left side, and along the bottom to the right. From the last Rose stitch start working a Four-Sided stitch in the center.

Work the first stitch on top from left to right,

the second stitch on bottom from left to right;

the third stitch is taken on the left downward from the top.

And the fourth stitch is taken on the right downward from the top.

From there bring the needle up in the next center of a Rose stitch – one square (three fabric threads) up from the top right corner of the small shirt button to the left. Work Rose stitch squares with Four-Sided stitches in the centers in the established way until the entire shape is filled.

This nice pattern can also be worked in shapes on the bias,

as seen here in the tulip shape.

But remember that the Limet grid is prepared differently for shapes positioned on the bias. Please refer to this article

and then continue in the established way.

Instructions for the left-hander:

Work one small shirt button around the center square. After completing the fourth Four-Sided stitch, bring the needle up in the next center – three squares (nine fabric threads) up and four squares (twelve fabric threads) to the left. The travelling working thread in the back is covered later by subsequent stitches.

From there work a second small shirt button. Continue working small shirt buttons in the established way.
Work small shirt buttons over the entire shape.

Start working a square of 4 X 4 Rose stitches one square (three fabric threads) up from the top left corner of a small shirt button.

Work four Rose stitches in a straight row up,

three more Rose stitches each across the top of the square to the right, down the right side, and along the bottom to the left. From the last Rose stitch start working a Four-Sided stitch in the center.

Work the first stitch on top from right to left,

the second stitch on bottom from right to left;

the third stitch is taken on the right downward from the top.

And the fourth stitch on the left downward from the top.

From there bring the needle up in the next center of a Rose stitch – one square (three fabric threads) up from the top left corner of the small shirt button to the right. Work Rose stitch squares with Four-Sided stitches in the centers in the established way until the entire shape is filled.