After learning all the basic stitches, all three kinds (simple, Limet, and openwork) of withdrawn-thread patterns, Peahole and needle-weaving hems as well as needlelace edgings, needlelace fillings are next to be learned.
In comparison, for example, to Danish Hedebo embroidery, in Schwalm whitework only circular motifs are filled with needlelace. In an ambitious project of an octagonal tablecloth, Rosemarie Landsiedel-Eicken, at her first go, worked sixteen different needlelace patterns; thereby she worked all the main patterns used in Schwalm whitework.
The circles with needlelace fillings were arranged around a circle made of Blanket stitch scallops. The edge was decorated with a needlelace edging similar to the one on this doily.