tips and tricks

I have been asked … (3)

Embroiderers have asked me questions regarding the order of the prep work for Peahole and needle-weaving hems.

They want to know why the two rows of Four-Sided stitches are made first before withdrawing the threads between (method 1),

and not after withdrawing all the threads (method 2) as some other authors show.

My response:

Of course, using method 2 it would be easier to check that one always takes up the same vertical threads on the lower row that were taken up on the upper row to establish the needed thread bundles. Errors in bundling could be avoided.

But working Four-Sided stitches along a section without the bordering horizontal threads, because they are withdrawn already, is much more difficult – especially in wider hems or when working without a hoop.

So, after weighing the pros and cons, in my mind the advantage of method 1 predominates.

This is the reason why I explain to withdraw only two threads with a distance of four threads between to establish the first row of Four-sided stitches, and then, at the desired distance from the first, doing the same to establish the second row of Four-sided stitches.

Make sure, that you always take up the same vertical threads as you have taken in the upper row. Check it every few stitches! (It is easier to check it, when the previously worked row is on top of the new row and not below it.)

The remaining threads between are withdrawn after finishing both Four-Sided stitch rows. In addition, it is important to work all stitches using a hoop.

Four-Sided Stitches in Rows

Did you also learn to work rows of Four-Sided stitches like me – from the front of the fabric and from right to left?

Working hundreds of hems using Four-Sided stitches, I discovered a much easier and faster way of stitching. It is worked from the back of the fabric and from left to right.

Working this way is going to be the least stressful on your wrist joint, because in two of the needed three stitches it is held straight,

and for only one stitch it is bent.

Did you test it already?

How to Establish a Limet Grid (3)

Below are the instructions for Limet grids in shapes positioned on the bias.

A pattern embellishment in a symmetrical shape will look perfect only if it is symmetrically arranged.
Circles, ovals, and squares are point symmetric; they need an intersection of withdrawn-thread lines at their centers from which the pattern can radiate in all directions – it makes no difference if the shape lies on the straight of grain or on the bias.

Tulips, hearts, and some other shapes are axially symmetric; they need intersections of withdrawn-thread lines along the center axis from which the pattern can be established on both sides.

For all shapes other than circles, the center axis is marked first (best with a light pen line on the back of the fabric – thread withdrawal is also done from the back side).

In point-symmetric shapes, the center horizontal (or vertical) thread is now withdrawn.

Afterwards, to establish the center intersection of withdrawn-thread lines that meet the marked axis, the center vertical (or horizontal) thread is withdrawn.

For axially-symmetric shapes any thread that crosses the marked center axis is withdrawn; it makes no difference to begin with a horizontal or vertical thread.

In shapes with deep interior points (e.g., some tulips), it is possible – but not absolutely necessary – to begin withdrawing the threads directly below the interior point.

The next thread to be withdrawn is perpendicular to the first withdrawn-thread line; it intersects the first withdrawn-thread line at the marked line.

From the first two withdrawn-thread lines (vertical and horizontal), the Limet grid is established by alternately leaving 3 (or sometimes 4) and cutting 1.

So far, I have featured only one filling pattern that needs such a Limet grid:
No. 471

How to Establish a Limet Grid (2)

The first lesson on how to establish a Limet grid dealt with the basic knowledge needed for working Limet patterns on the straight of grain with an intersection of withdrawn-thread lines in the center or a withdrawn-thread line as the center axis. Now I will present the second installment of Limet grid basic knowledge.

As already mentioned, a pattern embellishment in a symmetrical shape will look perfect only if it is symmetrically arranged. In addition, different patterns need different grid preparation.

Below are the instructions for Limet grids needed for patterns on the straight of grain with a square in the center or a group of three threads as the center axis.

Circles, ovals, and squares are point symmetric; they need a square at their centers from which the pattern can radiate in all directions.

Tulips, hearts, and some other shapes are axially symmetric; they need a group of three threads as the center axis from which the pattern can be established on both sides.

For both shape types, the center vertical thread and the two adjacent threads remain, and the next threads (1 to the left and 1 to the right) are withdrawn first.

In point-symmetric shapes, the center horizontal thread and the two adjacent threads remain, and the next threads (1 above and 1 below) are now withdrawn to establish the center square.

For axially-symmetric shapes there are some decisions to make before commencing to withdraw the horizontal threads; it depends on how a pattern should be arranged. Usually it can begin with the fourth thread from the bottom.

In some shapes, where the pattern should match the top outline, it begins with the fourth thread from the top of a shape.

In shapes with deep interior points (e.g., hearts and some tulips), it is good to begin withdrawing the horizontal threads directly below the interior point,

or directly above the bottom interior point.

From the three just established withdrawn-thread lines (vertical and horizontal), the Limet grid is established by alternately leaving 3 (or sometimes 4) and cutting 1.

Below is a list of filling patterns (previously featured on this blog) that need this type of Limet grid.
No. 473
No. 472
No. 451
No. 449

How to Establish a Limet Grid (1)

Next months, some of my blog posts will feature filling patterns for Schwalm whitework. To eliminate the need to repeat information, I will first explain some basic knowledge.

A pattern embellishment in a symmetrical shape will look perfect only if it is symmetrically arranged. In addition, different patterns need different grid preparation.

Below are the instructions for Limet grids needed for patterns on the straight of grain with an intersection of withdrawn-thread lines in the center or a withdrawn-thread line as the center axis.

Circles, ovals, and squares are point symmetric; they need an intersection of withdrawn-thread lines at their centers from which the pattern can radiate in all directions.

Tulips, hearts, and some other shapes are axially symmetric; they need a withdrawn-thread line as the center axis from which the pattern can be established on both sides.

For both shape types, the center vertical thread is withdrawn first.

In point-symmetric shapes, the center horizontal thread is now withdrawn to establish the center intersection of withdrawn-thread lines.

For axially-symmetric shapes there are some decisions to make before commencing to withdraw the horizontal threads; it depends on how a pattern should be arranged. Usually it begins with the fourth thread from the bottom.

In some shapes, where the pattern should match the top outline, it begins with the fourth thread from the top of a shape.

In shapes with deep interior points (e.g., hearts and some tulips), it is good to begin withdrawing the horizontal threads directly below the interior point.

From the two just established withdrawn-thread lines (vertical and horizontal), the Limet grid is established by alternately leaving 3 (or sometimes 4) and cutting 1.

Below is a list of filling patterns (previously featured on this blog) that need this type of Limet grid.
No. 540
No. 480
No. 477
No. 476
No. 475
No. 474
No. 469
No. 450
No. 448
No. 447
No. 444

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Luzine Happel
Am Schindeleich 43
37269 Eschwege
Deutschland
Telefon: 05651-32233
Website: www.luzine-happel.de
E-Mail: leuchtbergverlag@aol.com

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